A Brief of Muzik Shqip History from North to South Albania:
Shkarko Muzike Shqiptare duke vazhduar ne imazhin me poshte.
There are various influences displayed in Albanian music. Traditions of Albanian muzike shqiptare folk music vary by region. There are major stylistic differences between the Tosks of the south and Ghegs of the north when it comes to their traditional music.
Some composers like Fan S. Noli since the 1920s have produced Albanian classical music works. The Gjirokastër National Folklore Festival is among the most important venues that exhibit traditional Albanian music. The festival is held in Gjirokastër, southern Albania every five years.
Albanian Folk Music
There are three major stylistic groups of Albanian folk music, along with other important areas of music around Tirana and Shkodër. The three major groups are the southern Tosks and Labs and the northern Ghegs. The southern and northern traditions are contrasted by the south’s very beautiful, gentle and relaxed form and the north’s heroic and rugged tone.
The unification of these disparate styles comes from the intensity that both the listeners and performers give to their native music as a means to express their patriotism and as a vehicle for carrying on their oral history, in addition to certain characteristics like using similar rhythms like 10/8, 5/8 and 3/8. In 1940 Pjetër Dungu made the first Albanian folk music compilation.
There are several major groups that Albanian folk songs my be divided into. They include the north’s heroic epics, work songs, wedding music, love songs, sweet melodic lullabies and other types of songs. Another important component of Albanian folk songs is the music from various holidays and festivals, particularly those celebrating St. Lazarus Day for inaugurating springtime. Laments and lullabies are very important types of Albanian folk songs. Usually solo women perform them.
North of the Shkumbini River are the Ghegs who are best known for their distinctive form of sung epic poetry. A number of them are about a legendary 15th century warrior named Skanderberg, who was the leader of the struggles against the Turks.
There are also the constant Albanian themes of revenge, treachery, hospitality and honor. Those traditions form the Ghegs’ oral history and help to inculcate and preserve their social values and moral codes that are necessary for a society where blood feuds were relied upon as the main law enforcement method up until the early 20th century.
Epic styles also include the kreshnikësh/këngë trimash (Songs of frontier warriors/brave men), Vajtims maje krahi (cries) and ballads. Major epics include Halil and Hajrije as well as Mujo and Halil. Albanian Songs of the Frontier Warriors are among the most traditional forms of epic poetry. The epic songs are sung and accompanied by a one-stringed fiddle called a lahuta.
In modern Albania muzik shqip it is only performed on rare occasions. However, in played in the northern highlands. Further south in Macedonia, around Kërçovë and Dibër, the lahuta is not played. It is instead replaced by a two-stringed instrument called the cifteli, where one string plays the melody and the other is the drone.
Although the traditional performers are men (except for the sworn virgins), increasingly women have been participating in epic balladry. The sharki, cifteli and def are use in pastoral songs and a dance style. Northern Albanian shephers traditionally used homemade wind instruments.
They include an unusual type of clarinet called the zumarë. In tone, this shepherd’s music is contemplative and melancholic. Another important aspect of North Albanian muzik shqip folk song are the songs referred to as maje-krahi. These were used by mountaineers originally for communicating across long distances. However, they are seen as songs now. The full vocalrange was required by maje-krahi songs and they are full of falsetto cries and melismatic nuances.
.Muzik Shqiptare from Southern Albania is polyponic as well as gentle and soft in .nature. It is similar to Greek music when it comes to the polyphonic song of of Epirus. .In the southwest, Vlorë is the area’s most unusual vocal tradition. It has four distinct .parts (drone, turner, thrower and taker) that combine and create an emotionally and .complex cathartic melody. These melodies have been described as being decorated by .vibrato and falsetto, and at times interrupted by mournful and wild cries.
.The polyphonic vocal music is very powerful and is derived from the tension between .its structure’s strictly formal and nearly ritualistic nature and the intense emotional .weight that it carries that is rooted within centuries of oppression, poverty and pride.
.Another thing thing that South Albania is known for is its funeral laments that have a chorus of one or two soloists with mournful voices overlapping. The south has a folk love song tradition that is very prominent, where consonant harmonies and free rhythms are used by performers, which is elaborated with melisma and ornamentation.
The Tosk people are well known for having ensembles comprised of the lahutë (a type of lute), clarinets and violins, along with def. Eli Fara, a kind of popular émigré performer from Korçë. However, the center of southern musical innovation is the city of Përmet, which has produced artists such as Laver Bariu and Remzi Lela. Lela established a musical dynasty that has continued with his descendants who play a role in a majority of Tirana’s major music institutions.
Included in Southern instrumental music is the sedate kaa, which is a kind of ensemble which is driven by the violin or clarinet along with llautës and accordions.
The kaba is a melancholic and improvised style with both ancient and fresh melodies that are ornamented with growls, glides and swoops that have nearly a vocal quality to them and exemplify the combination of restraint and passion that is characteristic of Muzik Shqiptare Albanian culture. In the southern parts of the country the ethnic Greek inhabitants have a music that is quite similar to Greece’s Epirus music.
Watch the Video Below of 10 Albanian Kaba Masters Playing Clarinete.
Hitet Shqip 2016 – 2017, Degjoni Kengen tuaj te preferuar shqiptare. 2017 Albanian hit songs on here watch the full playlist on Lajmetefundit. Shkarkoni muzik shqip download.